US DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR AGENCIES

Bureau of Land Management (BLM RANGERS)

One of the branch organizations of the US Department of the Interior is the Bureau of Land Management (BLM RANGERS) that has the objective of sustaining the health of public lands and to promote its diversity and productivity. It is currently in-charge of the management of all public lands of the United States and was created by virtue of the merging of the General Land Office and The Grazing Service in 1946. It oversees the management of the US mineral estates located across the US soil. Among these estates include public lands consisting of minerals, timbers, forage, fish and wildlife habitat, wild horse and burro herds, wilderness, and archeological sites.

The Bureau of Land Management (BLM RANGERS) has employees who are responsible for the enforcement of various public land legislations. These are the special agents who are the criminal investigators and the law enforcement agents who are the uniformed officers. Among the powers and authorities of the Bureau of Land Management (BLM RANGERS) include the following:

  • Enforcement of federal laws and regulations relating to public lands and resources
  • Protect public lands
  • Perform resource management missions
  • Locate and eradicate the laboratories that are manufacturing illegal drugs
  • Prevent theft of various public owned resources, such as animals, fish and minerals
  • Preserve and protect historical sites
  • Provide medical aid and rescue mission to visitors of public lands
  • Preserve the wilderness

Among the crimes that the Bureau of Land Management (BLM RANGERS) investigate include, but not limited to, the following:

  • Wildlife arson
  • Paleontological resource theft
  • Dumping of hazardous materials
  • Wilderness area violations
  • Theft of mineral resources
  • Manufacturing, smuggling and use of prohibited drugs
  • Theft of forest products, native plants and timber
  • Off-highway vehicle use
  • Crimes involving alcohol and drug use

National Park Service Rangers

The National Park Service Rangers were established with its history rooted back in the 14th century where the rangers were tasked to patrol the royal forest and deal with poachers. The department was officially constituted to become part of the federal government that is entrusted with giving protection to the National Park System and to preserve its resources. Its employees are tasked to promote the stewardship of caring for the national park’s natural and cultural resources for the enjoyment of the current and future generations.

The National Park Service Rangers department is given the authority to exercise different powers and authority to enforce the law through its park rangers/forest rangers or park warden. Its law enforcement powers and duties include the following:

  • Protect and preserve the national, provincial and local parklands.
  • Provide lands and environments with cultural and historical values
  • Enforce national laws and local park regulations
  • Patrolling the natural preserves within a community
  • To carry firearms
  • Make an arrest to violators
  • Engage in wildlife firefighting
  • Answer and respond to emergency calls
  • Provide and disseminate information to guests on guided tours
  • Detecting and investigating offenses involving the violation of local and federal laws
  • Deploy search and rescue operations
  • Provide assistance to the other law enforcement agencies

The criminal investigators of the National Park Service Rangers may engage to monitor and respond to various crimes. The law enforcer rangers are actually the primary police agency of the National Park System. Its special agents have training to respond to the following crimes and conditions:

  • Wildlife arson
  • Danger imposed by the wilderness as a natural hazard to visitors
  • Federal crimes and violations of municipal and local laws
  • Theft and vandalism of places with historical values
  • Acts and omissions in violations of the local park laws and regulations

US Fish and Wildlife Service Agents

One of the branches of the US Department of the Interior that is responsible for the management and preservation of natural habitat, fish and wildlife is the US Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS). The agency works to ensure the protection and conservation of the natural habitat of fish and wildlife resources for the enjoyment of the American people. The US Fish and Wildlife Service agents are responsible for the enforcement of the law pertaining to fish and wildlife preservation. The agency was established in 1871 when the United States Fish Commission was reorganized to become the Bureau of Fisheries, which eventually becomes the US Fish and Wildlife Service

While the US Fish and Wildlife Service is primarily concerned with rendering services to promote a healthy environment for the wildlife, the department has special agents working as plainclothes criminal investigators for the enforcement of the various federal wildlife laws. The duties and powers of the US Fish and Wildlife Service agents include the following:

  • Collect evidence involving the commission of acts in violation of the federal wildlife laws
  • Interrogate witnesses
  • Conduct surveillance activities
  • Conduct raids on suspected criminal activities
  • Make arrests to apprehend the violators of the law
  • Assist in the prosecution of the offenders
  • Conduct a buy bust transaction in involving the illegal sale of wildlife resources
  • Conduct undercover missions
  • Police outreach to the community to promote voluntary compliance to regulations

The US Fish and Wildlife Service Agents are primarily engaged in investigating the commission of the following crimes:

  • International wildlife smuggling
  • Unlawful migratory bird hunting
  • Killing of protected wildlife
  • Chemical spills and poisoning to the wildlife
  • Illegal mining operations and wind farms
  • Interstate exploitation of wildlife species under the protection of the state
  • Wildlife crimes in violation of the federal and tribal laws involving wildlife regulations

Dept. of the Interior OIG Special Agents

The Department of the Interior OIG Special agents plays the role of investigators or detective serving the Inspector General’s office. They have the authority to perform arrests and conduct investigations and law enforcement duties. The Department of the Interior OIG special agents were formalized and created by virtue of the statutory authority vested in it by the Inspector General Act of 1978. All of the special agents within the Department of Interior are required to undergo a criminal investigator training program and other advanced trainings involving control tactics, firearms training, technical surveillance training and undercover operations.

The Department of the Interior OIG special agents primarily carries out investigative activities and may carry out the powers, duties, functions and authorities such as the following:

  • Conduct a nationwide inspection and investigations
  • Conduct investigation involving the federal employee criminal internal affairs investigation within the department
  • Provide executive protection details for the Department of the Interior Secretary
  • Recommendatory powers before the Congress on the improvement needed by the affairs of the department
  • Conduct criminal investigation
  • Gain access of records and all documents pertaining to subjects by which the Inspector General has the authority to investigate under the law
  • Make an arrest without a warrant when an offense or a crime has been committed in the special agent’s presence
  • Execute a warrant of arrest
  • Carry firearms
  • Seize evidence and conduct searches

Certain crimes are within the investigatory powers of the Department of the Interior OIG special agents. Among the crimes the special agents investigate are:

  • Fraudulent activities involving government programs
  • Fraud in Medicare, grants, social security and social welfare
  • Crime committed within the agency’s internal affairs
  • Procurement fraud
  • Frauds involving contracts
  • Embezzlement
  • Criminal activities involving the federal employees
  • Threats against the federal employees